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Bringing the real world to clinical research: the use of wearables in pivotal trials

From fitness trackers and health apps to sophisticated sensors and software that support clinical decision, wearables are reshaping the delivery of health care. The use of wearables allows patients to keep track and take control of their own health and can offer primary care professionals with day-to-day insights of patients’ health conditions, allowing early diagnosis and interventions to take place even outside of traditional care facilities. Wearables allow the collection of real-world data in everyday life settings and can be especially useful to enable a precision medicine approach and optimize treatment of chronic diseases [1].

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Topics: Treating Diabetes, Clinical Trial Methods, Diabetes Technology

Posted by Tatiana Dicenzo on Jun 23, 2020 4:00:00 PM
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When Artificial Intelligence and Artificial Pancreas meet

How machine learning methods are changing diabetes research and diabetes care

When voice assistants tell us what the weather will be like, when self-driving cars steer through dense city traffic, or when computers sort our digital photo collections by the faces of our families and friends, whenever computers take over these tasks that would have required human intelligence only a few years back, artificial intelligence (AI) is the underlying technology.

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Topics: Diabetes Technology

Posted by Oliver Klein on May 26, 2020 5:14:00 PM
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Non invasive CGM; hope at the horizon?

Non-invasive Continuous Glucose Monitoring (niCGM) is the holy grail of glucose monitoring. But the quest has been arduous so far; research carried out over the past 35 years has not resulted in in a device with durable availability on the market [1, accessed March 23, 2020].

Two devices have briefly been commercially available. The first, called GlucoWatch Biographer, has been for sale from 2002 to 2007. Poor local tolerability and low accuracy were the limiting factors. The device applied a low voltage current to obtain interstitial fluid transcutaneously. Skin irritation, probably inherent to this technique, together with insufficient accuracy, resulted in withdrawal from the market and dissolvement of the manufacturer [2].

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Topics: Clinical Trials in Diabetes, Diabetes Technology

Posted by Prof. Hans de Vries on May 6, 2020 4:17:00 PM
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Think Tank highlights CROs role the adoption of AI-powered health innovation

In recent years there has been rapid growth in the field of medical and health technology. Not only the number of players in this sector has increased over time, but the type of products and services including those that integrate artificial intelligence (AI)-powered components has changed too. These novel health technologies face new challenges in terms of development, validation, implementation, usability and adoption. Innovators can face hurdles not only to obtain regulatory approval but also to achieve sustainable adoption to meet stakeholders’ expectations, as they often require substantial evidence of impact and value before deciding to invest on a novel product. This has implications for the route that companies including Contract Research Organizations (CROs) need to navigate to bring an innovative idea to market.

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Topics: The Science behind Diabetes, Treating Diabetes, Diabetes Technology

Posted by Prof. Dr. Freimut Schliess on Mar 31, 2020 5:12:00 PM
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Trustworthy AI in healthcare - it's TIME TO DELIVER

In Europe chronic diseases account for 86% of deaths and 77% of disease burden, thereby creating a tremendous challenge on societies. At the same time digitisation is bringing huge technological and cultural opportunities. In healthcare the usage of data-driven forecasts on individual and population health as by integration of artificial intelligence (AI)-enabled algorithms has the potential to revolutionise health protection and chronic care provision while securing the sustainability of healthcare systems.

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Topics: The Science behind Diabetes, Treating Diabetes, Diabetes Technology

Posted by Prof. Dr. Freimut Schliess on Jan 7, 2020 5:16:00 PM
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Lipohypertrophy – New insights into an old issue?

Lipohypertrophy (LH) is a common side effect of insulin therapy in patients with diabetes mellitus. The prevalence of lipohypertrophy is high with cross-sectional studies reporting up to 64% of patients being affected, with higher numbers in type 1 diabetes. Predisposing factors for the development of lipohypertrophy include duration of insulin treatment, needle reuse frequency, BMI and incorrect injection and site rotation techniques. Particularly the latter seem to be of major importance as re-education of patients in proper injection site rotation with avoidance of LH tissue was reported to improve glycaemic control [1].

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Topics: Clinical Trials in Diabetes, Diabetes Technology

Posted by Dr. Susanne Famulla on Nov 14, 2019 5:16:00 PM
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Finally breakthrough in the immunological approach to type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is a T-cell mediated autoimmune disease. For more than 40 years, researchers have tried to intervene in the autoimmune process to halt or perhaps even reverse the slow destruction of insulin producing beta cells [1]. This has proven an elusive goal, but very recently FDA granted a breakthrough therapy designation to teplizumab, an anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody  [2]. The drug modifies CD8+ T lymphocytes, which are thought to be the key effector cells that kill beta cells.

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Topics: Clinical Trials in Diabetes, Diabetes Technology

Posted by Prof. Hans de Vries on Oct 1, 2019 4:58:00 PM
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Current developments in approaches to bridging studies

Waiving Bridging studies under certain circumstances for biosimilar applications?

A bridging study is a study performed in a new region to provide pharmacodynamic or clinical data on efficacy, safety, dosage and dose regimen that will allow extrapolation of foreign clinical data to the population in the new region [1]. However, in most cases bridging studies between an original product versus a so called foreign reference or a local reference product generate costs without providing any notable benefit for the specific patient, nor notable scientific output. 

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Topics: The Science behind Diabetes, Clinical Trials in Diabetes, Diabetes Technology

Posted by Dr. Grit Andersen on Sep 17, 2019 5:25:00 PM
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iPDM Goes Europe: tangible impact on diabetes patients and care

Treatment inertia calls for an integrated personalized diabetes management: iPDM

Diabetes represents a huge and multidimensional challenge for European societes. It not only leads to premature ageing and frailty but also promotes chronic conditions like cardiovascular disease, blindness, dementia and even cancer. Despite the availability of numerous treatment options treatment inertia is still a common problem: many patents still fail to reach their treatment goals. According to the UK National Diabetes Audit data 2016- 2017, only 30% of people with type 1 diabetes and 67% of people with type 2 diabetes achieved a HbA1c target of not more than 58 mmol/l (7.5%).

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Topics: The Science behind Diabetes, Treating Diabetes, Diabetes Technology

Posted by Prof. Dr. Freimut Schliess on Sep 3, 2019 5:17:00 PM
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New PID-algorithm for automated glucose clamps

Introduction

The euglycemic, hyperinsulinemic glucose clamp is the gold standard for the determination of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) effects of new anti-diabetic drugs, in particular insulins. In a typical glucose clamp experiment, a drug-induced decline in blood glucose (BG) concentrations is prevented by infusing glucose at a variable rate, so that BG is "clamped" at a pre-determined target level.

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Topics: Clinical Trials in Diabetes, About Profil, Diabetes Technology

Posted by Dr. Carsten Benesch on Aug 21, 2019 5:19:00 PM
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